Guru Nanak Dev was born in 1469 AD in a Hindu Kshatriya family in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi, which is now located in Lahore, Pakistan, and the place is now called the Nankana Sahib which is also a Religious site for the Sikh community and Sikhs from across the globe visit there. In 1496, it is said that Guru Nanak received enlightenment and began to teach everyone to live in religious harmony among-st each other with love and respect.
Guru Nanak Birth Day GurPurab celebrations
Guru Nanaks birthday is celebrated gloabally by devotees belonging to all faiths, in a three-day-long celebration. The first two days of Gurpurab comprises of 48 hour long reiterations of the Guru Granth Sahib – the holy book of Sikhs. The Sikhs also organise processions in which they sing and dance to spread Guru Nanak’s teachings and peace message. The procession is led by Panj Pyaras. In the procession, devotees perform traditional bhangra dance and Gathka, a traditional martial art form that originated in Punjab hundreds of yeark back. Gurudwaras around the world, especially Golden Temple and many other famous GuruDwaras are decorated with flowers and lights.
The Life of Guru Nanak Dev
Guru Nanak Dev was to Born to Kalayan Das Mehta and Matta Tripat, a Hindu Family. Guru Nanak Dev is known as one of the “greatest religious innovators of all times”. Guru Nanak, from a very early age, had developed a quest for spiritual knowledge. When Guru Nanak was asked to wear the sacred thread, that is worn as a tradition, by the upper caste Hindus, he refused. He did not believe in superficial aspects of religion and said that he would rather wear the God’s name in heart that would never get impure or get broken.
Guru Nanak used to work as a storekeeper in the granary of Daulat Khan Lodi in Sultanpur. It was there that he came into contact with Mardana, a Muslim servant. Together they organised gatherings for Hindus and Muslims where they sang hymns to praise the creator. Nanak Dev traveled extensively to spread the message and teaching of the almighty God across the Globe even to the Mecca Madina.
Guru Nanak got married at a small age of 18 and had two sons. The turning point in his life came in 1496 at the age of 28, when he disappeared for three days without informing anyone, neither his parents and when he returned, revealed that there is no Hindu and no Muslim, no christian and that there is only one God, who is shapeless and formless and could be worshiped by anyone at anytime and any place and by any name.
The constant remembrance of God, also refereed as Naamsimran is the only way to liberation and(which closely relates to the Hindu concept of Moksha), he preached. He believed that there is and almighty God in everyone of us and constitutes the eternal truth.
Guru Nanaks death:
Before his death at the age of 70, he appointed Guru Angad as his successor who became the second Guru of the Sikhs.