What is Jallikattu?
Jallikattu Meaning literally comes up to be “hugging the bull”. Jallikattu, is among the few native sports of Tamil Nadu played during Pongal (Tamil harvest festival) festival celebrations.
Significance OfJallikattu And Jallikattu Meaning
The name Jallikattu, comprises of two parts, Jalli also called ‘salli’ or ‘kasu’, which translates into coins, and Kattu which means bundle or pouch. This indicates the yellow pouch of coins, tied to the bull’s horn. The sport is also called as Eruthazhuvuthal, meaning ‘hugging the bull’.
History of Jallikattu
Jallikattu, a 2,000-year-old sport, was traditionally a part of finding a strong bull groom. The person who successfully tamed the bull would get to marry the maiden. The sport was played by the in the ancient times to display their strength and to win the prize money.
When is Jallikattu held?
Jallikattu is Conducted during the Pongal (Tamil harvest festival) festival celebrations.
Controversy Surrounding Jallikattu
The controversial sport of Jallikattu has been supported and promoted by most of the people including film actors like Rajinikanth, Kamal Haasan and many more.
However, PETA India is concerned that the sport was causing injuries to the animal and is an act of cruelty against them. The event has also led to many injuries at times.
Why was Jallikattu banned?
PETA has opposed and protested against the sport since 2004 following which the Supreme Court of India passed a verdict banning the festival in 2014.
Supreme Court in its 2014 judgment stated that bulls could not be used as performing animals, either for Jallikattu events or bullock-cart races in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra or elsewhere in the country.
Why is Jallikattu Important?
Jallikattu sees many people participating, trying to tame the bulls. The people of Tamil Nadu have been holding this event since ages. The bull that wins is used to service numerous cows preserving the native breed.
Bull-taming world wide
It’s also interesting to note that other than India, Bull-taming (or Bull embracing as some say) in some form is practiced in many countries including :
- Spain and many others.
As of writing this article in January 2017, the government has lifted the ban on Jallikattu and it will be interesting to see what twists and turns will come up in the near future.